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陕西省:提升校外培训收费监管 超出政府指导价收费依法严查******

11月13日,新闻记者获知,发改委,教育厅,省市场监督管理就提升我国基础教育环节课程类校外培训收费管控下发通知,确立收费管理员权限,加强收费信息公示,提升收费个人行为管控,为此促进学习培训收费水准显著降低,果断抵制培训学校过多趋利个人行为,将减费减负增效总体目标切实落实,使广大群众对基础教育的满意率显著提高。

通告强调,基础教育环节线上和线下课程类校外培训收费归属于非盈利性组织收费,依规推行政府指导价管理方法,由政府部门制定标准收费规范和浮动幅度。依照属地标准,针对在我国审核申请注册的线下推广课程类校外培训组织,其标准收费规范和浮动幅度,受权各设区市市人民政府制定。

11月底前科学研究制定收费规范,全国各地要坚持不懈课程类校外培训公益性特性,考虑到其涉及到重点民生工程的特性,以合理缓解学员亲子教育开支压力为总体目标,以均值学习培训成本费为基本,综合考虑到本地是社会经济发展水准,学员家中承受力等要素,以完成减负增效减费为总体目标,科学规范制定标准收费规范和浮动幅度。线上和线下收费规范浮动幅度上调不可高于10%,下幅不限。

培训学校在政府部门制定的标准收费规范和浮动幅度内,明确实际收费规范。线下培训要区别不一样课程类型,归类制定规范课程内容时间的标准收费规范。全国各地也可依据具体情况,明确本区域实际的归类规范,规范课程内容时间,网上为30分鐘,线下推广为45分鐘,具体时间不一样的,按一定换算。

全国各地要促进培训学校全方位应用国家教育部和市场管理质监总局统一制定的《青少年校外培训服务协议(示范性文字)》(2021年修订本),严苛履行责任,标准本身收费个人行为,不可以任何借口,一切方法提升或变向提升政府部门制定的学习培训收费规范,不可在培训费用外再行扣除其它杂费。全国各地市场管理,文化教育,发展趋势改革创新等单位,要依岗位职责提升对课程类校外培训收费实行状况的监管。要通畅投诉方式,激励社会发展多方参加监管。要依规严肃查处超出政府指导价收费,采用溶解收费新项目,反复收费,扩张收费范畴,虚报学习培训时间等形式变向提升收费规范,虚假广告,价格欺诈及其不按照规定实价等个人行为。对情节恶劣,特性极端的经典案例,要公布曝出。



来源于:三秦都市报。

编写:杨蓓蕾。

中国军舰放缓下饺子 这个问题急待解决 不然将出现甜蜜的尴尬******

原标题:中国军舰放缓下饺子 这个问题急待解决 不然将出现甜蜜的尴尬

近年来,中国的造舰速度堪称恐怖,几年之间就服役了50多艘056轻型护卫舰、29艘054A导弹护卫舰、10艘052D导弹驱逐舰、1艘055万吨大驱,外加1艘国产航母。中国海军的舰艇建造之快、数量之多可谓是冷战结束后当之无愧的世界第一。

但进入2019年后,海军舰艇下水、服役的消息明显少于往年同期,全然没了之前那股"下饺子"的热闹劲,对此,有西方军事评论员认为,中国造舰速度下降是因为军费不足,难以支撑海军的进一步扩张,然而我国2019年的国防预算为1776亿美元,相比去年增长7.5%,完全不存在没钱造舰的情况,造舰速度之所以下降,主要是为了防止海军一口吃成个大胖子,最终出现消化不良的情况。

目前,人民海军可以说是面临着幸福的烦恼,新军舰、大军舰比10年前多了太多,可是却没有足够多的官兵来操纵这些新服役的战舰,为了填补人员缺口,海军一方面从驱逐舰支队这样的主力部队抽调人手,但在新舰形成战斗力之前,这样无疑会削弱老部队的战斗力;另一方面,原本护卫舰乃至导弹艇上的官兵也被"赶"上了更大的舰船服役,从老旧落后的舰艇来到现代化的军舰上服役,这部分官兵必然需要通过长时间的磨合训练才能真正掌握手中的武器。简而言之,"下饺子"使得海军装备的先进程度和数量大大提升了,但在战斗力质量的问题上,海军最近确实面临着不小的困难,人员和装备的磨合需要大量时间,如果再维持之前的"下饺子"速度,将对海军正常的战斗力生成造成负面影响。

由于历史欠账,人民海军内长期装备着大量落后陈旧的舰艇,为了应对现代海战的挑战,自然需要大规模换装,"下饺子"初期,"饿"了几十年的海军部队能够很容易地消化新服役的舰船,但当新舰的数量达到一定规模后,部队也出现了消化不良的问题。

至于为什么不把海军整个换新,主要还是出于维持海军现有战斗力和节约成本的考虑,瞬间的换血会使人民海军缺乏人与装备的磨合,战斗力在一定时期内会不升反降。再者,有些服役了一二十年的舰艇与054A、052D比起来当然是旧了些,但它们的服役周期要么还未过半,要么还是所在部队的主力舰只,过早退役实在是一种浪费。

过去几年我们下的饺子里056、054A这样的中轻型护卫占了新舰的大部分,这也与我国近海防御部队舰船老化落后、急需补充有关,造完这些舰船后,我军"下饺子"的速度自然就慢了下来,毕竟后面配套航母战斗群的远洋舰船的建设才是真正难啃的骨头。

目前,我国首艘国产航母已经进行了多次海试,距离正式服役已经为时不远,新航母的建造更是有条不紊地进行着。作为未来航母战斗群的防空核心,第七艘055大驱也已经在船厂露面,加长款052D同样开始下水,这些大舰才是人民海军走向深蓝的本钱,其建造难度和重要性远非中小型舰艇可比。最近中国虽然没有服役多少新舰,但服役的无一不是精品,这也意味着中国海军的建设迈上了一个全新的台阶,在满足了基本的数量需求后,人民海军对质的要求越来越高。(利刃/KYJ)

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Two dead as 6.2******

At least two people died when a 6.2-magnitude earthquake rocked Indonesia's Sumatra island on Friday, with residents shuttling loved ones to safety as buildings crumbled around them.

The quake came just minutes after a less violent tremor as terrified residents had begun evacuating their houses.

"We all fled our home (after the first quake)," Yudi Prama Agustino, 36, told AFP. "I have a one-year-old baby, so in panic I pushed the stroller out of the house."

The quake hit the island's north at a depth of 12 kilometres (7.5 miles), about 70 kilometres from the town of Bukittinggi in West Sumatra province, according to the United States Geological Survey.

Agustino's hometown in Agam district is another 40 kilometres from Bukittinggi.

"I noticed there was an earthquake because my kids' toys fell over. I panicked because there were also my in-laws in the house and they are quite old and sick," Agustino said of the first tremor that was recorded at 5.0 by USGS.

"Once we were outside a much stronger 6.2 quake happened and everybody panicked," he added.

Two people died and 20 were injured in West Pasaman -- about 17 kilometres from the epicentre -- according to the head of the National Disaster Mitigation Agency (BNPB) Suharyanto, who like many Indonesians goes by one name.

Indonesia's meteorological agency BMKG warned people to stay away from slopes over fears of landslides at the peak of the rainy season.

The quake was felt in the neighbouring provinces of Riau and North Sumatra and as far away as Malaysia and Singapore. No tsunami warning has been issued.

AFP

Residents inspect a building damaged by a magnitude 6.2 earthquake at Kajai village in West Pasaman on February 25, 2022.

Collapsed homes

Images shared with AFP from Pasaman city, near the quake's epicentre, showed partially collapsed houses with bricks lying on the ground and holes in the walls.

The town mayor's residence also suffered damage with glass shattered all over the floor, according to Suharyanto.

Television footage showed patients being wheeled out of a hospital in West Sumatra's provincial capital Padang.

Alim Bazar, head of the disaster mitigation agency of Pasaman, told AFP some buildings suffered cracks.

"The mayor called and ordered all second and third floors in every building should be vacated," he said.

Irpanda, a resident of Pasaman city, told Metro TV that he felt both the first and second tremors.

"At first, the quake only lasted for a few seconds. People fled their homes and buildings nearby were swaying," he said.

"But then another quake happened and it was so strong. More people fled their houses," he said, adding patients at a local hospital were moved outside.

Singapore, Malaysia tremors

Tremors were also felt in Singapore, witnesses and police said.

"Earth tremors were... felt in certain parts of Singapore at about 9:45 am," the police said in a statement.

The police and emergency services "have received several calls from the public reporting these tremors", police added.

One Singapore resident told AFP he felt a slight shake at home which left him dizzy, while state broadcaster CNA showed a video of ceiling lamps swaying at a highrise apartment.

Malaysia's meteorological department said in a tweet that "vibrations" were felt on the peninsula's western states.

"Wow #earthquake in Kuala Lumpur," wrote one Twitter user. "Building is swaying!!"

Indonesia sits on the Pacific "Ring of Fire", causing it to experience frequent earthquakes.

In 2004, a 9.1-magnitude quake struck the coast of Sumatra and triggered a tsunami that killed 220,000 people throughout the region, including about 170,000 in Indonesia.

At least 31 drown as migrant boat sinks in English Channel******

AFP。

Migrants are helped ashore from a Royal National Lifeboat Institution lifeboat at Dungeness in southeast England on Wednesday. Dozens of others died in a separate sinking.。

At least 31 migrants bound for Britain died on Wednesday when their boat sank in the English Channel, in what France's interior minister called the biggest migration tragedy on the dangerous crossing to date.。

Interior Minister Gerald Darmanin said 34 people were believed to have been on the boat. Authorities found 31 bodies – including those of five women and a young girl – and two survivors, he said. One person appeared to still be missing. The nationalities of the travelers was not immediately known.。

The regional maritime authority, which oversees rescue operations, later said 27 bodies were found, two people survived and four others were missing and presumed drowned. The discrepancy in the numbers was not immediately explained.。

Ever-increasing numbers of people fleeing conflict or poverty in Afghanistan, Sudan, Iraq, Eritrea or elsewhere are risking the perilous journey in small, unseaworthy craft from France, hoping to win asylum or find better opportunities in Britain. The crossings have tripled this year from 2020, and another 106 migrants were rescued in French waters on Wednesday alone.。

A joint French-British search operation for survivors of the sinking was called off late on Wednesday. Both countries cooperate to stem migration across the Channel but also accuse each other of not doing enough – and the issue is often used by politicians on both sides pushing an anti-migration agenda.。

Four suspected traffickers were arrested on Wednesday on suspicion of being linked to the sunken boat, Darmanin told reporters in the French port city of Calais. He said two of the suspects later appeared in court.。

The regional prosecutor opened an investigation into aggravated manslaughter, organized illegal migration and other charges after the sinking.。

Lille Prosecutor Carole Etienne said officials were still working to identify the victims and determine their ages and nationalities, and that the investigation may involve multiple countries.。

"It's a day of great mourning for France, for Europe, for humanity to see these people die at sea," Darmanin said. He lashed out at "criminal traffickers" driving thousands to risk the crossing. Activists demonstrated outside the port of Calais on Wednesday night, accusing governments of not doing enough to respond to migrants' needs. Hundreds of people live in precarious conditions along the French coast, despite regular police patrols and evacuation operations.。

The bodies were brought to the Calais port, said Jean-Marc Puissesseau, head of the ports of Calais and Boulogne. "We were waiting for something like this to happen," he said, given the growing numbers of people risking the passage. Aid groups blamed European governments for increasingly hard-line migration policies.。

"The UK is not a choice, it is an escape, an escape for people fleeing the lack of welcome in Europe," said Nikolai Posner of French charity Utopia 56.。

Darmanin urged coordination with the UK, saying "the response must also come from Great Britain."

British Prime Minister Boris Johnson and French President Emmanuel Macron spoke after the sinking and agreed "that it is vital to keep all options on the table to stop these lethal crossings and break the business model of the criminal gangs behind them," Johnson's office said. Macron stressed "the shared responsibility" of France and the UK.。

粤网文[2020]3396-195号

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4.单日新增连破纪录 日本大阪疫情亮红灯

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